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Timelines

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Timeline of Music Magazine History
by Alex Cosper



1894 - Billboard founded by William Donaldson and James Hennegan
1899 - Billboard begins covering coin-operated entertainment machines
1926 - Melody Maker is founded by Lawrence Wright in the UK
1936 - Billboard introduces its first "hit parade" chart
1940 - Billboard debuts "Chart Line," a list based on best-sellers
1942 - Hit Parader is launched by Charleton Publications as a song lyrics magazine
1942 - Cash Box is founded as a music trade publication and lasts through 1996
1952 - London promoter Maurice Kinn relaunches The Accordion Times as New Music Express (NME)
1954 - Record Mirror is founded in the UK by Isidore Green and exists through 1991
1955 - Billboard introduces the "Hot 100" chart
1955 - Billboard introduces bi-weekly top 15 "Best-Selling Popular Albums" chart
1958 - Melody Maker introduces LP charts in the UK
1958 - Bill Gavin founds the Gavin Report as a radio trade publication
1964 - Music Vendor becomes Record World, owned by Sid Parnes and Bob Austin
1967 - Rolling Stone founded in San Francisco by Jann Wenner
1967 - Guitar Player launches for guitarists
1968 - Radio trade magazine Friday Morning Quarterback (FMQB) is launched by Kal Rudman
1973 - Radio & Records is founded by Bob Wilson and Robert Kardashian
1976 - Musician Magazine is founded by Sam Holdsworth and Gordon Baird then sold it to Billboard in 1981
1978 - Smash Hits is launched by UK publisher EMAP and lasts through 2006
1978 - Robert Haber launches College Music Journal (CMJ)
1985 - Donaldson family sells Billboard to a group of investors for $40M
1985 - Spin founded by Bob Guccione, Jr.
1985 - Holdsworth buys back Musician for two years
1985 - Mediascan is founded by Nancy and Rich Deitemeyer, who change the name to Media base in 1987
1986 - Hits Magazine is launched by Lenny Beer and David Lavinthal for radio programmers
1987 - Billboard is acquired by Affiliate Publications for $100M and is run by BPI Communications
1987 - Westwood One becomes the owner of Radio & Records through 2002
1988 - Mediabase begins publishing Monday Morning Replay for the radio industry
1991 - Billboard now bases charts on data from BDS and its Soundscan technology
1991 - Billboard Airplay Monitor debuts, using radio airplay information from Broadcast Data Systems
1992 - Billboard Top 200 Albums chart becomes The Billboard 200
1992 - United Business Media acquires The Gavin Report
1994 - Billboard is acquired by VNU for $200M
1995 - Joel Denver launches AllAccess.com
1996 - NME.com website launches
1999 - Musician publishes its final issue
1999 - VNU acquires Nielsen for $2.5B
2000 - Hits Magazine launches website HitsDailyDouble.com
2000 - Melody Maker merges with NME
2002 - The Gavin Report discontinues
2006 - VNU acquires R&R then discontinues it three years later
2007 - Billboard owner VNU changes name to Nielsen then sells to investors 2 years later
2008 - Hit Parader discontinues
2013 - Spin discontinues print and exists only as digital publication







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